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Thursday, October 30, 2014

Gurnee and the Salem Witch Trials

Local lore in the Gurnee area claims that witches were burned at the stake in the early days of its settlement. Although this is one of the most far flung stories I've ever heard, it intrigued me enough to do some digging.

As it turns out, the untrue tale of a witch hunt in Warren Township hints at a very real connection to the mass hysteria of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692.

During the winter of 1691-1692 in Salem, Massachusetts, Elizabeth "Betty" Parris (aged 9), Abigail Williams (aged 11), Ann Putnam, Jr. (aged 12), Elizabeth Hubbard (aged 17) and Mercy Lewis (aged 17) became afflicted with fits "beyond the power of Epileptic Fits or natural disease to effect."

The Samuel Parris house, Salem Mass. (now Danvers, Mass.) known as the "House where witchcraft started."
Two of the main accusers, Betty Parris and her cousin Abigail Williams lived here. Image:

At the time, the cause of their symptoms was very clear: witches in league with the devil.

Today, some believe the symptoms were a result of psychological hysteria due to Indian attacks on the colonists. Others have pointed to the possibility of rye bread made from grain infected by a fungus. Historians, however, believe that jealousy and revenge over land disputes motivated the accusations and that the girls were play acting and enjoying the attention.

Whatever the cause, it resulted in twenty townspeople (14 women and 6 men) being accused of witchcraft and executed by hanging (one man was pressed to death). Among the accused were the three Towne family sisters: Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Cloyce and Mary Easty (Esty), who were targeted by the powerful Putnam family.
Statue of the three Towne sisters accused during the mass hysteria of the
Salem Witch Trials, 1692. Image:

The 71-year old Rebecca Towne Nurse was accused in March 23, 1692, and hanged on July 19. The Nurse family had been in bitter land disputes with the Putnam family, who were her accusers.

Mary Easty's main accusers were also connected to the Putnams: Daughter, Ann Putnam, Jr. and their house servant, Mercy Lewis. At Mary Easty's examination on April 22, 1692, the girls feigned fits. When Easty clasped her hands together, Mercy Lewis imitated the gesture and claimed to be unable to release her hands until Easty released her own.

Depiction of the Salem Witch Trials, 1692.

Easty's convincing manner in court and good standing in the community got her released from jail, but only for a couple of days. While most of Mary's accusers had backed down from their claims, Mercy Lewis fell into violent fits upon Easty's release, claiming that Easty was tormenting her.

A second warrant was issued for Mary Easty and she was again brought before the court. This time with more witnesses against her. She was thrown in jail with her younger sister Sarah Cloyce and together the two women composed a petition to the magistrates asking for a fair trial. Despite the eloquent petition, Mary was tried and convicted on September 9, 1692. Sarah Cloyce remained in jail for eight months, but was given a reprieve and escaped execution.

On the day of her execution, September 22, Mary made a final statement: "The Lord above knows my innocency... if it be possible, that no more innocent blood be shed..."

She was hung with seven others on Gallows Hill and together they were called the "eight firebrands of Hell."

Bench marker for Mary Easty at the Witch Trials Memorial, Salem, Massachusetts.
Families of the dead reclaimed their bodies after dark 
and buried them in unmarked graves on family property.
In 1706, Ann Putnam, Jr. publicly apologized for her role in the witch trials. "I desire to be humbled before God... I, then being in my childhood... made an instrument of the accusing of several people for grievous crimes... now I have just grounds and good reason to believe they were innocent persons."

In 1711, the Easty family was given 20 pounds in compensation for Mary's wrongful execution.

Fast forward to over a century later, when in 1836 - 1837, Mary Easty's great-great-great grandsons, Avery Esty and Moses Esty left Massachusetts to settle in Warren Township, Lake County, Illinois.

1861 Warren Township plat showing the Moses Esty property (west of Hunt Club Road and
north of Grand Avenue); and Proctor Putnam property (Washington Street and Milwaukee Ave)

In 1842, just a few years after the Esty's settled here, Proctor Putnam arrived in Warren Township. He was the g-g-g-grand nephew of Mary Easty's accuser, Ann Putnam, Jr.

Once again, the Towne/Esty and Putnam families lived within a few miles of one another. This time much more peaceably.

Though a thousand miles from their ancestors' painful pasts, it seems the families' roles in the Salem Witch Trials came to light. Over the decades, the truth of those distant events morphed into witches run amuck in Gurnee.

Perhaps we can blame it on a bit of tainted rye bread.

- D. Dretske


Kim@Snug Harbor said...

Vey interesting story.

eejjennings said...

Great article and excellent research! Wonder if there are any ancestors of these families still living in Lake County?

Allison F said...

Fascinating post, Diana! Well done.

Diana Dretske said...

It's possible the Esty and Putnam families have descendants still living here. However, to the best of my knowledge there are not any from the Moses Esty line.

Linda B. said...

I am a direct descendant of Moses Esty, through his daughter, Sarah Anne who married my great-great grandfather, John C. Chittenden. I have been looking for information that ties Moses to something, since the family left Massachusetts for "the West". My great grandfather, Warren Esty Chittenden, was born in Illinois,in this very area, I believe, and then moved the family after marrying Emma Pitman, to Nebraska to farm. The rye seed theory has been abandoned, as it did not effect people evenly, and the girls' fits stopped when the accused were put into chains, etc. The whole thing was based on false accusations, encouraged by the Putnam family, and at least one, Ann Putnam Jr. confessed as an adult to the lie. Thank you for the post. I am proud to be a part of this family lineage.
Linda Chittenden Basinger

Diana Dretske said...

Thank you for your comment, Linda. Always great to hear from folks connected to historic figures and events. The Esty and Chittenden families are quite historic and well known in Lake County, IL.

The Vose & Stearns School/Community History (Warren Twp. Lake Co) written in 1918 mentions the Esty family many times. You can view it online:

Should you have any other questions, please contact me at

Shawn Ford said...

Great article. There was an Esty's mill I think just southeast of the corner of 45 and grand. My cousin John Brosier was mostly raised by his grandparents whom were Esty's , John was killed in WW2. In my efforts to find any hints on the urban myth of Mary Worth. I had recalled reading somewhere that from Gurnee I had read an account from years ago. Someone was recalling a tale from years prior to that. There was a girl that during the full moon would strip off her clothes and go down to the flats by the des planes river and practice witchcraft of somthing of the sort. Also that there Was a Fred Worth whom lived near old Gurnee in the 1860s or thereabouts with a daughter Mary Worth. This Fred worth was not the same as Fred Wurth whom also lived nearby. Later Fred moved to the southeast corner of yorkhouse and delaney rds. I think mary ended up marrying a blanchard and is buried in Union cemetery in Waukegan. I find it fun investigating ghost storys.