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Wednesday, September 3, 2008

E.J. Lehmann


German immigrant, Ernst Johann Lehmann (1840-1900), was instrumental in developing one of the earliest department stores, and also for putting Lake Villa on the map.

As a young man, Lehmann opened a small jewelry store on Clark Street in Chicago. His ambition was to market affordable goods to the working class, selling items for less than other stores. In 1875, he was so successful that he moved his business into a larger building at State and Adams Streets and called it, The Fair Store. He named his store "The Fair" so that people knew they would be treated fairly.

"He was," according to the Chicago Tribune, "a shrewd business manager and gained a wide reputation by the cheapness of his goods and by his practical business methods." He sold items for less than other stores, making up for smaller profits by the sheer volume of sales.

In addition to jewelry, The Fair sold men's and women's clothing, hats, shoes, notions, and household goods. One building at a time, The Fair grew and by 1882, occupied every building along the north side of Adams between State and Dearborn Streets. That same year, Lehmann saw another of his ambitions realized. He brought the Wisconsin Central Railroad to the tiny north suburban community of Lake Villa to create a thriving resort town. By the early 1900s, 18 passenger trains a day arrived in Lake Villa.

The Lehmann family was very influential in the Lake Villa area, building large estates and employing area residents. Their legacy lives on in area subdivisions and communities, including the Lehmann Mansion built by son, Edward John in 1912 as a summer home, and purchased by the Village of Lake Villa in 2001; and the Village of Lindenhurst which was created from son, Ernst E.'s, 240-acre dairy farm known as Lindenhurst.

Lehmann advertised extensively, as seen in this circa 1880 ad. The Fair was the first department store to place a full-page advertisement in a Chicago newspaper.

In 1897, Lehmann built a $3 million modern store, said to be more than two times as large as the Bon Marché in Paris.

As his store expanded and fortunes increased, Lehmann's health deteriorated. In 1890, his wife, Augusta Handt, gained legal authority to commit him to the Bloomingdale Asylum for the Insane in White Plains, New York. When he died in January 1900 many theorized that the pressures of his business enterprise and interest in the development of Lake Villa was too much for him.

The family continued to operate The Fair until 1925 when they sold it to chain store magnate S. S. Kresge.

7 comments:

Connie H. said...

Thank you! This was a relative of mine and I never knew the details!

Anonymous said...

Do anyne know if E. J. was related to the B.B. amd Karl Lehmanns who were jewelry merchants in New Orleans at the turn of the century? - Ronne H.

D_Dretske said...

Hello Ronnie,

I asked a Lehmann family member about the possible connection to Lehmanns in New Orleans. He didn't know for certain, saying that it's possible, but the surname Lehmann is quite common in Germany.

Thanks for reading!

Diana

D_Dretske said...

Ronnie,

Another Lehmann family member checked for any connection. He says there is not a B.B. or Karl Lehmann of New Orleans in their family tree.

Diana

Patty said...

I have a sideboard/buffet with a small brass nameplate which reads "The Fair" Adams State and Dearborn St. Chicago. I imagine it is from the early 1900 since the Department store was built at the spot in 1891.I paid 800.00 for it 20 years ago, which was alot! I wonder who is belonged to so many years ago!

warren said...

in 1947 they held peacock camp there. i was 12 years old i was the babby there that year and they use to teae me a bout the goast of Mrs woodworth.ITwas a beautiful place.

Jane D said...

In the early 1950's my father Raymond Lessman (German spelling Lessmann) was a Gardener at The Lehmann Mansion in Lake Villa,IL. My father came from Arcade, WI. with his new bride (my mother )Marcella. My father ENJOYED working for The Lehmann's. My father and mother built a home in Kenosha, WI. In the early 1960's AND EVER SINCE Dads lawn was as plush as a golf coarse. The soft and pristine blades of grass felt as soft as felt on my bare feet. Never ever did you ever see a dandelion or weed in Dad's Lawn. In early 2000 The Lehmann Mansion had a public Event and I brought Dad back to his former work place. Dad enjoyed revisiting this site. Now after the renovation of the Mansion Dad would be proud of how again the Mansion shines to it's original grandeur.